In re Appraisal of Panera Bread Company

In re Appraisal of Panera Bread Company, 2020 Del. Ch. LEXIS 42 (Jan. 31, 2020) (Zurn, V.C.)

In this appraisal action, I must determine the fair value of each share of the subject company on the closing date of its acquisition. I find that the process by which the company was sold bore several objective indicia of reliability, which were not undermined by flaws in that process. I therefore find that the deal price is persuasive evidence of fair value, and give no weight to other valuation metrics. I deduct some synergies, but find others were not adequately proven. I undergo that synergies analysis solely to fulfill my statutory mandate, rather than to effectuate any transfer of funds between the parties, because the company prepaid the entire deal price and has no recourse for a refund under the appraisal statute.

via Columbia, S&C,

United States v. Blaszczak, 2019 U.S. App. LEXIS 38662, 2019 WL 7289753 (2d Cir. Dec. 30, 2019)

The court held that the “personal benefit” test for insider trading established by the Supreme Court in Dirks v. SEC does not apply to wire and securities fraud under Title 18 of the U.S. Code. Additionally, the court held that confidential government information constitutes “property” for the purposes of federal fraud statutes. The ruling will make it easier for the government to prosecute insider trading even when there is no clear benefit to the source who provided the information. (footnote omitted)

via TheCorporateCounsel.net, GD&C, S&C, Milbank, Akin Gump, WF&G

Insider Trading Prohibition Act

 Insider Trading Prohibition Actなる法律が米国の連邦下院を通過したらしいです。この手の法律は、散発的に提案されるので、気に留めていなかったのですが、下院の投票が410対13という情報を得て、少し調べてみました。govtrack.usによると法律として成立する可能性は、1%程度のようです。一応、調べた範囲内で有用だと思ったリンクを纏めておきます。

 改正法案の内容は、既存の判例法理を基礎にしたものなので、ある程度意図を理解できるのですが、細かい点で既存の判例法理との差異がありそうです。印象としては、判例法理よりも禁止の幅が広いように思えます。どうでしょうか。

See also Columbia, CGS&H, Paul Hastings, Merritt B. Fox

In re Appraisal of Jarden Corporation

Lowenstein Sandler writes:

By a July 19, 2019 ruling, Vice Chancellor Slights set the fair value of Jarden Corporation at its unaffected market price of $48.31, below the $59.21 per share value of cash and stock that Newell Rubbermaid had paid to acquire it. The court also performed a DCF analysis that corroborated its valuation. The court was critical of the merger process leading up to this deal and questioned the reliability of a merger-price-less-synergies approach given that factor as well as its findings that there was no pre-signing or post-signing market check and the evidence regarding deal synergies and how much, if at all, was received by Jarden, was conflicting and especially difficult to measure.

いわゆるuniversal proxyを用いて委任状勧誘を行い株主側の取締役が会社側の取締役と同時に選任された事例

WSJ:

EQT Corp. and the Rice group of shareholders, led by Toby Rice and Derek Rice, said shareholders at the company’s annual meeting Wednesday elected all seven Rice-nominated directors and five nominees supported by both entities. …

EQT is using a universal ballot for its shareholder vote, setting it up to be one of the few high-profile proxy fights to use such cards, which allow shareholders to pick from both sides’ nominees. Universal ballots can make it more likely a company will lose some board seats to a dissident but less likely they’ll lose a majority of seats.

 

 個人的に興味を持ったのが,会社側の取締役が選任されなかったこととによって株価が上昇したことです(直ぐに元の水準に戻ったようですが)。

The Street:

The stock of natural gas giant EQT Corp. (EQT – Get Report) jumped Wednesday after shareholders handed control of the board to an activist group led by former owners. Shares of the Pittsburgh company rose 2.5% to $16.05 after holders voted to award seven seats on the 12-member board to a group called the Rice Team.

via Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Bloomberg, Bloomberg, Bloomberg, WSJ, EDGAR, SandRidge

Regulation S-XのRules 3-05及び Article 11の改正提案

The Securities and Exchange Commission proposed amendments to the financial disclosure requirements in Rules 3-05, 3-14, and Article 11 of Regulation S-X, as well as related rules and forms, for financial statements of businesses acquired or to be acquired and for business dispositions. The Commission also proposed new Rule 6-11 of Regulation S-X and amendments to Form N-14 for financial reporting of acquisitions involving investment companies.

When a registrant acquires a significant business, other than a real estate operation, Rule 3-05 of Regulation S-X generally requires a registrant to provide separate audited annual and unaudited interim pre-acquisition financial statements of that business. The number of years of financial information that must be provided depends on the relative significance of the acquisition to the registrant. Similarly, Rule 3-14 of Regulation S-X addresses the unique nature of real estate operations and requires a registrant that has acquired a significant real estate operation to file financial statements with respect to such acquired operation.

 わが国で米国証券取引委員会への登録が強制されるのは、様式F–4による組織再編に関するものだというワーキング・ペーパーを書いたことがありますが、それとの関係で、今回の規則提案は、実務に影響を与えるように思えます。